By Umberto Eco
BAUDOLINO gravita em torno dos prazeres da corte de Federico Hohenstaufen, conhecido como Barbarossa, à época da Terceira Cruzada. A história engloba justamente o período entre 1152 e 1204, começando com a ascensão de Barbarossa ao trono e terminando com a conquista de Constantinopla pela temida ordem dos cavaleiros templários. A trama é protagonizada por Baudolino - adolescente, criativo e mentiroso que dá título à obra - e Niceta Coniate, personagem inspirado em um historiador e orador que viveu na corte de Constantinopla. A narrativa retrocede, enquanto Baudolino conta a Niceta suas aventuras e desventuras, numa mistura de fantasia e realidade, História e faz-de-conta. Tudo isso temperado por inúmeras situações cômicas. No intervalo, Eco embaralha os seus personagens inventados e produz o mais recorrente efeito de seu texto: interferir em acontecimentos históricos conhecidos por meio de atos ou circunstâncias vividas pelos personagens fictícios.
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Extra info for Baudolino (8th Edition)
This was the framework within which all lordship ultimately brought its authority to bear on society. We must not lose sight of this framework as we attend to the particularities and details of aristocratic lordship in action. Finally the term ‘lordship’ reminds us of the open-ended and multifaceted nature of the exercise of power in the Middle Ages. Historians have divided their current analysis of power into compartments—social, political, economic, and so forth; they have drawn a sharp division between so-called ‘public’ and ‘private’ power; they have arranged their scheme of power within clear-cut institutional and governmental frameworks.
Payling ‘Social Mobility, Demographic Change, and Landed Society in Late Medieval England’, Econ. HR, 45 (1992), 51–73. For Scottish ﬁgures see the articles by Alexander Grant cited above, p. 14. 26 Lords and Lordship in a spectacular act of generosity, rewarded six of the men who had helped him to overthrow Roger Mortimer and install his own regime by promoting them all to be earls on the same day in March 1337. David II of Scotland likewise signalled his indebtedness and that of his father to the devotion and prowess of the Douglas family by conferring the new title of earl of Douglas on William Douglas in 1358.
Beyond this process of perpetual ﬂux there are two other long-term changes within the ranks of this top nobility which we should note at this juncture. The ﬁrst was a tendency for comital titles and estates to be aggregated into the hands of fewer major families generally as a consequence (intended or not) of the marriage of heiresses. Thus Thomas earl of Lancaster (d. 1322) held the earldoms of Lancaster and Leicester by inheritance, and those of Lincoln and Salisbury iure uxoris through his (estranged) wife, Alice, daughter of the last Lacy earl of Lincoln (d.