By Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration

Within the workplace of area technological know-how of the nationwide Aeronautics and house management (NASA) precise significance is connected to exploration of the planet Mars, since it is the main like Earth of the planets within the sun procedure and where the place the 1st detection of extraterrestrial existence turns out probably to be made. The mess ups in 1999 of 2 NASA missions-Mars weather Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander-caused the gap agency's application of Mars exploration to be systematically rethought, either technologically and scientifically. a brand new Mars Exploration software plan (summarized in Appendix A) used to be introduced in October 2000. The Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration (COMPLEX), a status committee of the gap stories Board of the nationwide learn Council, was once requested to ascertain the clinical content material of this new software. This objectives of this file are the following:

-Review the country of information of the planet Mars, with designated emphasis on findings of the latest Mars missions and similar study activities;

-Review an important Mars study possibilities within the instant future;

-Review medical priorities for the exploration of Mars pointed out via advanced (and different clinical advisory teams) and their motivation, and view the measure to which fresh discoveries recommend a reordering of priorities; and

-Assess the congruence among NASA's evolving Mars Exploration software plan and those urged priorities, and recommend any changes that will be warranted.

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