By Malcolm Coulthard, Alison Johnson, David Wright
An creation to Forensic Linguistics: Language in facts has verified itself because the crucial textbook written by way of major professionals during this increasing box. the second one variation of this bestselling textbook starts off with a brand new creation and keeps in components.
Part One bargains with the language of the criminal technique, and starts with a considerable new bankruptcy exploring key theoretical and methodological techniques. In 4 up-to-date chapters it is going directly to conceal the language of the legislations, preliminary calls to the emergency prone, police interviewing, and court discourse. half appears at language as facts, with considerably revised and up-to-date chapters at the following key topics:
- the forensic linguist
- forensic phonetics
- authorship attribution
- the linguistic research of plagiarism
- the linguist as specialist witness.
The authors mix an array of views on forensic linguistics, utilizing wisdom and adventure won in criminal settings – Coulthard in his paintings as knowledgeable witness for instances resembling the Birmingham Six and the Derek Bentley charm, and Johnson as a former police officer. learn initiatives, additional examining, net hyperlinks, and a brand new end make sure that this is still the center textbook for classes in forensic linguistics and language and the legislation. A thesaurus of keyword phrases can also be to be had at https://www.routledge.com/products/9781138641716 and at the Routledge Language and communique Portal.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Forensic Linguistics: Language in Evidence
The lawyer prefaces his turns with well in questions 2, 7 and 8, pragmatically signalling his rejection of the witness’s previous answer and ‘provok[ing] him/ her by proposing something different, which [is] generally contentious’ (Hale 1999: 60). Hale (1999: 60) also notes that ‘“well” often tends to act as a sign of contradiction and confrontation, expecting disagreement’, because ‘questions beginning with “well” can be said to be “negative conducive” (Hudson 1975)’. The use of now in question three dismisses the witness’s answer, by moving on, and the use of so in question five attempts ‘to finalize the question about the date’ (Hale 1999: 64) and, as Schiffrin (1985) notes, comes at a possible completion point.
Linguistic evidence using DA supported the plaintiff’s case; the jury found in his favour and he was awarded $6 million in damages. 24â•‡â•‡Approaches to language in legal settings Critical discourse analysis (CDA) is a form of discourse analysis that seeks to bring to our notice: how discourse is shaped by relations of power and ideologies, and the constructive effects that discourse has upon social identities, social relations and systems of knowledge, and belief, none of which is normally apparent to discourse participants.
Chapter 6 discusses a number of cases that use discourse and pragmatic analyses of notes and interview records. Forensic discourse analysis is, therefore, concerned with activities involved in the collection and interpretation of evidence. Some of these activities are later disputed, usually by a lay participant. In the first volume of the journal Forensic Linguistics, Shuy (1994) reports how he acted as an expert in a civil lawsuit against a car dealership in which a deaf man brought charges of false imprisonment and fraud.