By Eric Freedman, Richard Shafer
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Extra info for After the Czars and Commissars: Journalism in Authoritarian Post-Soviet Central Asia
Immediately a er the Russian Revolution, there were both a shortage of skilled journalists and widespread professional incompetence, especially in provincial areas and far-ﬂung parts of the empire. The Central Committee of the Communist Party became concerned with developing journalists-communists capable of simultaneously communicating with audiences and acting as dedicated ideologues. In reality, such professionals were rare. Devoted loyalists o en lacked professional skills. Press corps leaders usually shared the party’s conviction that class identity closely related to allegiance to the Bolshevik leadership.
Jerome Aumente, Peter Gross, Ray Hiebert, Owen V. Johnson, and Dean Mills, 5–40. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press. Khalid, Adeeb. 1994. ” International Journal of Middle East Studies 26(2): 187–200. , and Gulnara Ibraeva. 2002. The Historical Development and Current Situation of the Mass Media in Kyrgyzstan. Geneva: Cimera. Lenoe, Matthew E. 2004. Closer to the Masses: Stalinist Culture, Social Revolution, and Soviet Newspapers. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Miller, James. 2002. Research Report 2002, IREX Short-Term Travel Grants Program.
Such faculty, however, were sharply criticized for upholding the bourgeois press as a model to emulate. In April 1930, GIZh administrators and faculty could still debate and advocate the emphasis on practical journalism education over a theoretical and ideological one. Kurs called for curriculum changes to have instructors specialize in teaching a single subject. He further called for a student ‘newspaper laboratory’ and an emphasis on the importance of information as the foundation of all newspapers, both bourgeois and communist.