By Peter A. Kraus
The eu Union's motto 'United in range' contrasts with the cultural standardization entailed within the formation of realms and the forging of political identities in Europe. So what does being 'united in variety' suggest? concentrating on language politics and rules, this ebook deals an intensive review of the results of cultural and linguistic variety for the method of making a eu polity. It sheds gentle on essentially the most urgent difficulties linked to modern identification politics. it is usually claimed that the recurrent party of range in Europe's programmatic declarations has a good political influence. Kraus bargains a serious research of the way the ecu has replied to the normative problem of constructing an institutional body for integration which permits cultural adjustments to be transcended with out ignoring them.
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Extra info for A Union of Diversity: Language, Identity and Polity-Building in Europe (Themes in European Governance)
As a consequence, the Court held that – in the terminology introduced in the previous section of this chapter – the deepening of the Union had to respect the criteria of democratic compatibility in the context of transnational decision-making. 14 For a summary of the Maastricht-Urteil see Thiel (1998: 59–62); MacCormick (1995) and Weiler (1995) analyze the sentence critically. P1: KNP 9780521859394c02 22 CUFX275/Kraus 978 0 521 85939 4 January 18, 2008 1:57 The European Union’s Democratic Deficit In Germany, the ‘no demos’ thesis became a vigorously debated issue in the realms of politics, social science and constitutional law.
According to the Eurobarometer surveys regularly conducted for the European Commission, it seemed that, with the increasing politicization of European affairs, the proportion of Euro-sceptical citizens was increasing too. Yet rather than giving rise to active protest, the scepticism turned the previous diffuse support into an equally diffuse distrust or into indifference. Regarding citizens’ involvement in European politics, the elections to the European Parliament held in 1999 and 2004 were successive low points in political participation.
The project of consolidating a community that lacks collective ties which its members experience as ‘authentic’ runs the risk of overestimating the possibilities of an elite-driven constitution-making and neglecting the dilemmas of ‘hyperrationality’ (Offe 1998b: 217), thereby creating a hollow framework of political institutions that remain disconnected from social realities. To a great extent, Europe’s constitutional setbacks can be considered a consequence of this kind of strategy. 2 The Democracy Deficit: A ‘Demos Deficit’?