By Eric Foner

From the "preeminent historian of Reconstruction" (New York instances e-book Review), a newly up to date AND abridged variation of the prizewinning vintage at the post–Civil warfare interval that formed smooth America.

In this up-to-date variation of the abridged Reconstruction, Eric Foner redefines how the post-Civil warfare interval used to be seen.

Reconstruction chronicles the best way Americans—black and white—responded to the unheard of alterations unleashed by means of the conflict and the top of slavery. It addresses the hunt of emancipated slaves looking for monetary autonomy and equivalent citizenship, and describes the reworking of Southern society, the evolution of racial attitudes and styles of race family, and the emergence of a countrywide nation owning significantly elevated authority and devoted, for a time, to the main of equivalent rights for all american citizens.

This "masterful therapy of 1 of the main advanced sessions of yank history" (New Republic) is still the normal paintings at the wrenching post-Civil warfare period—an period whose legacy nonetheless reverberates within the usa this day.

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Extra info for A Short History of Reconstruction (Updated Edition)

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Importers stocked still more clocks as well as watches, as we have seen. 46 Although the proportion of Philadelphia’s households with clocks may have been higher than elsewhere in the United States, even there mechanical timepieces were not yet everyday paraphernalia. Despite Philadelphia’s centrality to American clockmaking prior to 1800, it was in Massachusetts and Connecticut that innovations were being made that would put a clock in nearly every American home, including most of Philadelphia’s.

Steam engines, gaslight, telegraphs, telephones, electricity, phonography, photography, combustion engines, and wireless communications fundamentally changed social and cultural experiences of time and space. Ever increasing speeds—of mechanical operations and of the circulation of goods, capital, and people—necessitated ever closer attention to coordination, synchronization, and precision in timekeeping. In reducing the length of time it took to relay a message or travel to a destination, communication and transportation technologies served to compress, though not eradicate, geographic space.

Economies of scarcity dictated the habits and practices of the vast majority of people. To wit, the world was not yet modern. Modern it would become when time and space ceased to pose meaningful barriers to the circulation of news, ideas, goods, and people. When it took a long time to traverse even small distances, the differences in time between places did not much matter. Each place had its own time, set by the sun and the stars. But the speed of railroads, steamboats, and telegraphy knit larger and larger geographic expanses together into one place.

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